New Jersey Congressional
Redistricting Commission

New Jersey State Silhouette
Upload Map How to Upload a Map

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS


What is redistricting?

Congressional redistricting is the process of redrawing the boundary lines of a state’s congressional districts.

What is the purpose of congressional redistricting?

The purpose of congressional redistricting is to ensure that each person residing in New Jersey is equally represented in the United States House of Representatives by the creation of districts that are as equal in population as possible, so as to achieve the principle of “one person – one vote.”

When must congressional redistricting take place?

The congressional redistricting process must occur every ten years, at the beginning of each decade, following congressional apportionment, which is the process by which Congress allocates the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives to each state based on population. Once a state knows how many Representatives are allocated to the state, the new congressional districts can be drawn using the official results of the federal decennial census for the state. The census provides the demographic and geographic data from which the districts are created.

Who is responsible for congressional redistricting?

Each of the 50 states has its own method of redrawing congressional district boundaries. In the majority of states, the congressional districts plan takes the form of a bill passed by the legislature and signed into law by the Governor. In 10 other states, primary responsibility for congressional redistricting is given to a group other than the legislature. Such is the case in New Jersey, where a plan is created by a Redistricting Commission as provided for in the New Jersey Constitution.

What is the New Jersey Redistricting Commission?

The Redistricting Commission is the 13-member body, provided for under the State Constitution, with responsibility for drawing New Jersey’s congressional districts.

Who may be appointed to the Redistricting Commission?

Article II, Section II, paragraph 1 of the State Constitution provides that the Redistricting Commission is to be composed of 13 members, none of whom can be a member or employee of the United States Congress. The members of the commission must be appointed with due consideration to geographic, ethnic and racial diversity.

Twelve members are appointed first, of which two are appointed by the New Jersey Senate President; two by the Speaker of the General Assembly; two by the Senate Minority Leader; two by the General Assembly Minority Leader; two by the chairman of the State committee of the political party whose candidate for the office of Governor received the largest number of votes at the most recent gubernatorial election; and two by the chairman of the State committee of the political party whose candidate for the office of Governor received the next largest number of votes in that election.

The thirteenth member is then appointed by the majority vote of the twelve commissioners to serve as an independent member and chairperson of the commission. The independent member must have been a resident of the State for the preceding five years, and must not have held public or party office in the State. The independent member must be appointed on or before July 15 of each year ending in one, and the appointment must be certified to the Secretary of State on or before July 20 of that year.

The State Constitution provides that, if the previously appointed members are unable to appoint an independent member within the time allowed, they must so certify to the Supreme Court not later than July 20 and must include in that certification the names of the two persons who received the greatest number of votes. Not later than August 10 following receipt of that certification, the Supreme Court must select by majority vote of its full authorized membership the more qualified of the two persons. In appointing the independent member, the Court would consider education and occupational experience, prior public service in government or otherwise, and demonstrated ability to represent the best interest of the people of this State. The Court must certify that selection to the Secretary of State not later than the following August 15.

Who are the members of the Redistricting Commission for 2021?

The following members have been appointed in accordance with the State Constitution to serve as Commissioners for the 2021 redistricting process.

REDISTRICTING COMMISSION MEMBERS

Hon. John E. Wallace, Jr.
Chair
Democratic Members Republican Members
Janice Fuller
(Delegation Chair)
Doug Steinhardt
(Delegation Chair)
Iris Delgado Michele Albano
Vin Gopal Jeanne Ashmore
Stephanie Lagos Mark Duffy
Jeff Nash Mark LoGrippo
Dana Redd Lynda Pagliughi
How much time does the Redistricting Commission have to develop and agree on a congressional redistricting plan?

Under the State Constitution, the Commission must hold its organizational meeting by Tuesday, September 8, 2021. It must also hold at least three public hearings, and must vote on a final plan by Tuesday, January 18, 2022.

Which redistricting principles must be followed in the congressional redistricting process?

A range of redistricting principles must be followed in the congressional redistricting process. Such principles have been established over time, in accordance with federal constitutional provisions, laws such as the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, and a significant number of federal and State court decisions.

How many congressional districts are there in New Jersey?

The State is currently divided into 12 congressional districts, with one member of the United States House of Representatives elected from each district. Due to New Jersey’s population growth in relation to the population of other states in the United States, the number of Representatives apportioned to the State by Congress remains at 12. Therefore, the new congressional redistricting plan must continue to contain 12 congressional districts.

Are there any requirements to adjust the census data before congressional redistricting?

Yes. Pursuant to P.L.2021, c.198, the New Jersey Secretary of State is required to reallocate the population of certain incarcerated persons to their last known residential address. The congressional districts must be drawn using this adjusted data. The congressional districts must meet equal population requirements under both adjusted and non-adjusted data sets, to the greatest extent possible.

For more information, please visit the Secretary of State's informational page at https://nj.gov/state/dos-reports-2020-census-report.shtml.

A link to the statute is here: New Jersey Laws

How can I contact the members of the Redistricting Commission?

Members of the public may contact the commission by Email through this site, or send regular mail to: Raysa Martinez Kruger, Secretary, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, c/o Office of Legislative Services, State House Annex, P.O. Box 068, Trenton, New Jersey 08625-0068